Several federal statutes have been used to prosecute individuals who engage in illegal Internet gambling. These include the Wire Act, the Travel Act, and the Illegal Gambling Business Act.
The Travel Act is a federal statute that prohibits promotion, facilitation, or sponsorship of gambling activities that are unlawful in interstate or foreign commerce. This statute can be broken down into several subsections, which include those that address shipments, debts, and the promotion of gambling. The aforementioned statutes have sparked several legal challenges on constitutional grounds.