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Lottery

Almost every state has a lottery. Many, such as New Hampshire and Connecticut, have a long history.

Once a lottery is established, the debate shifts from whether to have one to specific features of its operations. Criticisms range from worries about compulsive gamblers to alleged regressive effects on lower-income groups.

Unlike traditional raffles, which require the public to purchase tickets for a drawing held weeks or even months in the future, lotteries offer instant games such as scratch-off tickets and keno. These games have lower prize amounts, typically in the 10s or 100s of dollars, but much higher odds of winning. The higher odds are meant to attract more players and stimulate sales, but they also help to sustain the prize levels by limiting the number of winners.

In addition, the introduction of a state lottery provides an opportunity for states to introduce additional revenue streams. Often, these come in the form of gambling taxes, which are a share of the winnings from the lottery. This has generated controversy, but also a growing recognition that the lottery is not just another tax but also a powerful source of revenue for government programs.

While the bulk of a lottery’s prize funds go to winners, many states have used a portion to enhance their general fund, helping to address budget shortfalls, fund roadwork or bridgework, or even provide police forces and other social services. Some of the remainder is put into specific programs, such as support centers for gamblers and those recovering from addiction.